TRL.__init__(measured, ideals=None, estimate_line=False, n_reflects=1, solve_reflect=True, *args, **kwargs)[source]

Initialize a TRL calibration

Note that the order of measured and ideals is strict. It must be [Thru, Reflect, Line]. A multiline algorithms is used if more than one line is passed. A multi-reflect algorithm is used if multiple reflects are passed, see n_reflects argument.

All of the ideals can be indivdually set to None, or the entire list set to None (ideals=None). For each ideal set to None the following assumptions are made:

  • thru : flush thru
  • reflect : flush shorts
  • line : and approximaitly 90deg matched line (can be lossy)

The reflect ideals can also be given as a +-1.

Note you can also use the estimate_line option to automatically estimate the initial guess for the line length from measurements . This is sensible if you have no idea what the line length is, but your error networks are well macthed (E_ij >>E_ii).


This implementation inherits from EightTerm. dont forget to pass switch_terms.

  • measured (list of Network) – must be in order [Thru, Reflect[s], Line[s]]. if the number of reflects is >1 then use n_reflects argument.
  • ideals (list of Network, [+1,-1] , None) – must be in order [Thru, Reflect, Line]. Each element in the list may be None, or equivalently, the list may be None. Also the reflects can be simply given as +1 or -1.
  • estimate_line (bool) – should we estimates the length of the line standard from raw measurements, if not we assume its about 90 deg.
  • solve_reflect (bool) – Solve for the reflect or not.
  • n_reflects (1) – number of reflective standards
  • **kwargs (*args,) – dont forget the switch_terms argument is important


>>>thru = rf.Network(‘thru.s2p’) >>>reflect = rf.Network(‘reflect.s2p’) >>>line = rf.Network(‘line.s2p’)

# ideals is None, so we assume it’s close to a flush short >>>trl = TRL(measured=[thru,reflect,line], ideals=None)

# reflect is given as close to a flush short >>>trl = TRL(measured=[thru,reflect,line], ideals=[None,-1,None])

# reflect is given as close to a flush open >>>trl = TRL(measured=[thru,reflect,line], ideals=[None,+1,None])

See also

determine_line(), determine_reflect()